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FRENCH INDEX FRENCH - grammar - WHICH 04 GRAMMAR: INDEX


WHICH/THAT and WHO/M ... 02

'You will recall from WHICH 03 that:
(a) 'qui' is generally used for 'who' or 'which' when it denotes the *subject* of a following verb.
(b) 'que' is generally used for 'whom' or 'which'/'that' when it denotes the *object* of a following verb.
(c) 'qui' is also used for 'who/m' (ie a person) when it follows a preposition (even if it is not the *subject* of a following verb).

This whole 'preposition' issue is a major factor in French. Particularly "de" ('of', or 'from') and "à" ('to', or 'at'), but we'll come to those (many times!) later. For now, the relevance of mentioning 'prepositions' is that 'which' [or 'that', meaning 'which'] is *different* when it follows a preposition. Instead of 'que' we have 'lequel', 'laquelle', 'lesquels', 'lesquelles' (and yes, each of these "agrees" with the noun it relates to).

the exercise book in which I write le cahier dans lequel j'écris
the exercise books in which we write les cahiers dans lesquels nous écrivons
the chalk with which I draw la craie avec laquelle je dessine
the chalks with which we draw les craies avec lesquelles nous dessinons

Just two more (tiny) points. Firstly, 'lequel', 'laquelle', 'lesquels', 'lesquelles' are only used for "things" (not people) *except* after 'parmi' (amongst) or 'entre' (between) - so logically you'd only expect to find the *plural* forms used for people. eg 'Les filles, entre lesquelles elle s'est assise, étaient belles.' ('The girls, between whom she sat, were beautiful.)

The second minor issue is a "usage" type of thing. Usually something like 'dans lequel' would actually be replaced by '' (where). Not always, but often. So "le cahier dans lequel j'écris" would become "le cahier j'écris".

Freeway - free worksheets for English, poetry writing, lateral thinking, mc lyrics, spellings, sounds and meanings, word search puzzles, making crosswords, dictionary usage, translation, French verbs, French vocabulary, Maths, addition, times tables multiplication, division and fractions

The free French verbs and vocabulary worksheets can be used for learning, practice and revision.
However, contact with someone who is fluent in French will help to ensure correct pronunciation.


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