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FRENCH INDEX FRENCH - grammar - WHICH 02 GRAMMAR: INDEX


THIS ONE and THAT ONE - specifics and non-specifics - see also WHICH 01

When you're referring to a *specific* item (eg 'this one' or 'that one') - where the item itself is not *named* in what you are saying - you would use the 'celui', 'celle', 'ceux', 'celles' series. Note that the feminine plural is different from the masculine plural.

celui this/that
one (m)
celle this/that
one (f)
ceux these/those
ones
celles these/those
ones (f)

[Note that 'ceux' is used for 'masculine plural' but also for 'm+f plural', whereas 'celles' is used for feminine plural *only*.]

To be more specific (to actually specify 'this one' or 'that one'), '-ci' or '-là' are added, as per WHICH 01.

celui-ci this
one (m)
celle-ci this
one (f)
ceux-ci these
ones
celles-ci these
ones (f)
celui-là that
one (m)
celle-là that
one (f)
ceux-là those
ones
celles-là those
ones (f)

And to be less specific, ie not to refer to 'this cat' or 'that cat' or even 'this one' or 'that one', but simply 'this' or 'that' (as in "this is hard work", or "that's unbelievable") use 'ceci' for 'this', and 'cela' for 'that'. There's a compressed form of "cela" which is simply "ça", which is much more often used in general conversation.

Freeway - free worksheets for English, poetry writing, lateral thinking, mc lyrics, spellings, sounds and meanings, word search puzzles, making crosswords, dictionary usage, translation, French verbs, French vocabulary, Maths, addition, times tables multiplication, division and fractions

The free French verbs and vocabulary worksheets can be used for learning, practice and revision.
However, contact with someone who is fluent in French will help to ensure correct pronunciation.


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