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FRENCH INDEX FRENCH - grammar - NOUNS 01 GRAMMAR: INDEX


NOUNS -
MASCULINE AND FEMININE

As you know from Articles 01, all 'nouns' in French are 'masculine' or 'feminine'. Many have two separate forms when they refer to 'people' - eg le directeur (m) - head teacher ; la directrice (f) - head teacher. Similarly you have l'acteur (m) and l'actrice (f) (actor and actress).

Usually an (m) word with an '-ier' ending will become '-ière' in the (f) form (eg le fermier, la fermière) and an (m) word with an '-ien' ending will become '-ienne' in the (f) form [much as with adjectives], eg le chirurgien, la chirurgienne (surgeon). If you've absorbed the basic rules for the m/f forms of adjectives, nouns follow pretty much the same patterns.

Some words, like 'pupil', are the same for both boys and girls ('l'élève' for both, though you would have 'un élève (m)' and 'une élève (f)').

..... and some words are absolutely definitely *only* masculine or *only* feminine.

For example "
le professeur" translates "the teacher". So "Elle est le professeur" ("she is the teacher") is correct.

Equally unusual is "
la personne" (always feminine). So "Il est la personne ..." ("he is the person .....") is also correct!

Not a great deal to remember, here. See Articles and Adjectives, for other parallels.

Freeway - free worksheets for English, poetry writing, lateral thinking, mc lyrics, spellings, sounds and meanings, word search puzzles, making crosswords, dictionary usage, translation, French verbs, French vocabulary, Maths, addition, times tables multiplication, division and fractions

The free French verbs and vocabulary worksheets can be used for learning, practice and revision.
However, contact with someone who is fluent in French will help to ensure correct pronunciation.


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