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FRENCH INDEX FRENCH - grammar - ADVERBS 01 GRAMMAR: INDEX


ADVERBS 01 - adding '-ment' - see also ADVERBS 02

A fair few examples of adverbs can be found amongst the words on the "when" and "how" pages in the vocabulary area.

Usually we think of an 'adverb' as something that qualifies a 'verb' - eg something is done 'slowly' ('lentement') or 'rapidly' ('rapidement'). Adjectives in English that have '-ly' added to make an adverb (eg 'slow' + 'ly'), are similar to adjectives in French that have '-ment' added to make an adverb. [But it should be remembered that there are lots of adverbs (in both languages) that aren't created in this way.]

The simple basic rule to remember, for '-ment' endings, is to look at the 'masculine' version of the adjective. If it ends in a vowel (eg 'vrai'), the '-ment' is added to that ('vraiment') - 'really', 'truthfully'. If it ends in a consonant (eg 'complet'), the '-ment' is added to the *feminine* form of the adjective ('complètement') - 'completely'.

And yes, there are other variations on this - primarily adjectives ending in 'ent' or 'ant' - these generally have more than one syllable, and form the adverb differently. The most commonly-used ones are listed below.

evident evidemment evident/ly fréquent fréquemment frequent/ly
puissant puissamment powerful/ly brillant brillamment brilliant/ly
constant constamment constant/ly courant couramment current/ly, fluent/ly
intelligent intelligemment intelligent/ly suffisant suffisamment sufficient/ly, smug/ly

Freeway - free worksheets for English, poetry writing, lateral thinking, mc lyrics, spellings, sounds and meanings, word search puzzles, making crosswords, dictionary usage, translation, French verbs, French vocabulary, Maths, addition, times tables multiplication, division and fractions

The free French verbs and vocabulary worksheets can be used for learning, practice and revision.
However, contact with someone who is fluent in French will help to ensure correct pronunciation.


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